Wednesday, 22 October 2014

Monetary Policy – Germany to feel the pinch

A taste of its own medicine may prompt Germany to rethink its tough guy approach to Europe

No one like a bully but that seems to be Germany’s role in Europe.  It makes other countries walk the line in policy terms (for their own good) even amid simmering discontent among its neighbours.  Germany has been mean in terms of pushing for monetary policy to be less expansive as elsewhere in spite of struggling countries needing help.  Yet, things may change as the German economy is starting to suffer from similar problems to those it bullies.  Germany is likely to be stuck with monetary policy that is too harsh for even its own economy and this may result in it softening up its approach to others in Europe.

Help wanted

It is a given that the economy in Europe could do with a boost.  Weak demand from consumers and firms means that unemployment remains stubbornly high and inflation for Europe as a whole is not far off zero.  But Germany continues to push its policy of tough love onto Europe.  As with most other developed countries, fiscal stimulus is not an option as governments deal with high levels of public debt.  Germany has gone further in cajoling other governments in Europe to sort out their budget deficits despite the likelihood of adverse economic effects.  

Germany has also not allowed the use of monetary policy as an alternative means of stimulating the economy.  Measures such as quantitative easing have been utilised with some benefits in the US and in Britain but not in Europe even though Europe needs a boost more than anywhere else.  The reasoning behind this approach by Germany is that, by offer laggards in Europe an easy way out, the current problems which are holding them (and Europe as a whole) back will remain in place.  As a result, the European Central Bank has had to be creative and try other measures such as negative interest rates.  But it is difficult for monetary policy to have much effect when its scope is limited.

Turning the tables

Germany may have been able to bully others in Europe but it may be the Germans turn to feel the pain.  The German economy is beginning to flag amid weakening demand for its exports from places such as China.  Forecasts for economic growth in Germany are being cut as its prospects deteriorate while inflation has fallen to below 1%.  The normal response to a weakening economy anywhere else would be for looser monetary policy.  But having not allowed other European countries this option, Germany’s tough stance on others may result it also being tough on itself. 

It is funny to think that the Germans would have likely allowed itself to have more stimulus via monetary policy if there was just a German central bank looking after just the German economy.  But its own actions in influencing monetary policy will mean that Germany may have to endure monetary policy that does not reflect the weak state of its economy (along with most everyone else in Europe).  When framed in this way, Germany must rethink its ideas on economic policy for Europe if just for its own good. 

Continued stubbornness by the Germans would be unconstructive even in comparison to the often dysfunctional politics in Europe.  Deflation is another concern that will only get worse with the current policy measures.  Germany was never going to go easy on others in Europe while its economy was riding high.  It is only a Germany that has been laid low that may soften up and be more willing to help itself by helping others.